Jambul Fruits : Botanical Name, Distribution, Cultivation, Common names and Synonyms

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Jambul or black berries botanical name, family, synonyms, cultivation are discussed below.

Jambul Fruits: Botanical Name and Family:

Black berries are botanically known as Syzygium cumini, belongs to the family Myrtaceae.

Jambul Trees Distribution:

Black berry tree is an evergreen tropical tree that is native to the countries like Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Indonesia.

Jamun fruit is often misunderstood as blackberry fruit which is entirely a different fruit belonging to another family.

Synonyms and Other names of Jambul:

Jambul is also known by other names like Jambhul, jambu, jambula, jamboola, Java plum, jamun, jaam/kalojaam, jamblang, jambolan, black plum, Damson plum, Duhat plum, Jambolan plum, or Portuguese plum. Malabar plum may refer to other species of Syzygium.

Some synonyms are given for Jamun seeds in other languages.

  • Hindi – Jamun
  • English – Black berry
  • Sanskrit – Jambul
  • Telugu – Neredu pandu
  • Marathi – Jambhul chabi
  • Tamil – Sambal virat, Navva Pazham
  • Bengali – Kalijaam bija
  • Kannada – Koddanirlu kalu, Nerale Hannu
  • Gujarati – Jambunu bija
  • Malayalam – Naaval Pazham
  • Oriya – Jamukoli
  • Philippines – Duhat
  • Maldives – Dhanvah
  • Brazil – Jambolao

Jambul is available in the trade name of Jambul stone.

Jambul Cultivation: Description

Jambul trees are fast-growing evergreen trees that grow to a height of 30 metres. Jambul trees can live for more than 100 years. Jambul trees consist of dense foliage that gives shade and is grown for its ornamental value.

Jambul trees consist of strong wood and water-resistant, so they are used for preparing cheap furniture.

The flowering of Jambul trees starts from March to April. Jambul consists of small, fragrant flowers. The fruits are developed by the month of May or June.

The fruits are oblong, ovoid in shape and are green in colour. They become crimson black on ripening. The fruits consist of a single seed.

The fruits are sweet, mildly sour and have astringent flavour.

The fruits are eaten raw with salt. They change the tongue colour to purple for a few hours.

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